As Bastet was the goddess of cats, she was usually depicted with a cat head and an ankh (the Egyptian symbol of life). Many mummified cats have been found also. If you reference any of the content on this page on your own website, please use the code below to cite this page as the original source. Bast (Bastet) is the Egyptian goddess of cats. Cats are sacred to Bast Some of the earliest physical evidence points to veneration of the deity close to the year 2800 B.C.E., in the form of stone vessels that were found near a temple in Saqqara.1 Saqqara is an ancient Egyptian city located about 20 miles south of Cairo, not far from Memphis. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. She was native to Bubastis in the Nile River delta but also had an important cult at Memphis. The euphoria of the drunken state was said to please the goddess, because she was also believed to be the goddess of joy, music, dance, and love. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. However, during the Third Intermediate Period and by the 22nd Dynasty or Bubastite Dynasty (945-715 BCE), this goddess began to be depicted with the head of a cat instead of a lioness. Generally thought of as a cat goddess, Bastet was one of the most popular goddesses of ancient Egypt. Images of Bastet began appearing around 3,000 b.c.e., in which she was portrayed as a lioness, or as a woman’s body with a lioness’ head. Knowing of their great love for animals, and cats especially, he had his soldiers paint the image of Bastet on their shields and then arranged all the animals that could be found and drove them before the army toward the pivotal city of Pelusium. Bastet, the Cat Goddess. She is often closely associated with the goddess Sekhmet, a lion goddess. While there are many lion gods and cat goddesses in ancient Egyptian religion, Bastet is the only god or goddess represented as a domestic cat. She had the head of a cat and a slender female body. So without further ado, here’s the story of how the ancient Egyptians deified the cat. She was the wife of Ptah, a god of creation, rebirth, and craftsmen. Interesting Facts About the Ancient Egyptian Goddess Bastet Bastet, the protector cat-headed Egyptian deity, was considered among one of the most powerful gods in the land. The ancient city’s dedication to the goddess can easily be seen in the different buildings located at the site. Bronze. Her name also is rendered as B'sst, Baast, Ubaste, and Baset. [1] Nombre egipcio: Bastet. Bastet was known for her gentleness as the protector of women and the home. She has a face of a cat and a cobra-head of goddess Wadjet on her crown. 12 Votes 0. ❖ Bastet is shown holding a sistrum in one hand and an ‘ankh’, the key of life in another. Anubis---About this Blog. Bastet is associated with femininity and cats. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Bastet's name is written in hieroglyphs between the Eye of Horus and the Ankh on her throne. As with many deities in Egyptian religion, she also played a role in the afterlife as a guide and helper to the dead although this was not one of her primary duties. Ra was believed to be the original creator deity in much of Egyptian mythology. ❖ Temples and commoners would treat cats as sacred animals who were representatives of the deity. She granted their wishes. 4 Votes 1. But she also has different names such as Baset, Ubaste and Baast. Bastet, being the Egyptian cat goddess, adores people who are cat-lovers and owners. She was generally revered as the daughter of Ra the creator god and king of the Egyptian Gods. He created a number of other deities by himself, and not in conjunction with a goddess. Additionally, she came to be known as ‘Bastet’ a powerful protector deity. The Goddess Bastet has become a strange hybrid icon of both the ancient and digital ages. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Initially, Bastet protected her father from harm. The people of Egypt would also dance and sing to her because she was also the goddess of dancing and singing. She's been known as both Bast and Bastet. ❖ The occupation of Egypt during the Ptolemaic dynasty from 305 BCE to 30 BCE, witnessed the transformation of Bastet into a lunar deity from a solar goddess, who was also the daughter of Re, the Sun god. In the Lower Egypt, the goddess of warfare was called As Bast. The Bastet Goddess Dragon is a Legendary Dragon with the primary typing of Happy.The Bastet Goddess Dragon can also learn Flame, War and Terra moves. The goddess Bastet was often shown with the face of a lioness many centuries later, symbolizing the ferocity and warrior-like demeanor that lay hidden beneath the protective traits of this goddess. Bastet is the Egyptian goddess of the home. Similarly, she is often seen holding an aegis with a lion’s head in her left hand, which is a protective shield made of armor. Specifically, she is often portrayed as a female cat in a seated position. Rating Pending. Like modern day domestic cats which have two sides, sometimes Bastet was also associated with the lion-headed goddess, Sekhmet. Yet she could also be ferocious when punishing those who harmed others and created disorder in society. Bastet, also called Bast, ancient Egyptian goddess worshiped in the form of a lioness and later a cat. She's been known as both Bast and Bastet. Appropriate offerings include sensory items - scents, sounds. This is probably due to the fascination with ancient Egypt and the popularity of cats on the internet. She worshiped since the Second Dynasty (2890 BC). But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. She was thought to be part of the Eye of Ra, a collective of Egyptian goddesses that protected Ra and battled his enemies. In addition to being centered around Bastet, it was also devoted to sacred cats. Bastet: https://www.gods-and-goddesses.com, Women wanting children would show Bastet amulets with their desired number of offspring. Worshipers donated offerings of small bronze statues of the goddess. The primary symbol associated with Bastet is the cat. At times she is also portrayed holding a sistrum in her right hand, which is a percussion instrument popular in ancient Egypt. When these cats died, they were mummified so that they could be presented to the goddess as an offering. Name: Bastet Pronunciation: Coming soon Alternative names: Gender: Female Type: Goddess Celebration or Feast Day: Unknown at present In charge of: Cats Area of expertise: Cats Good/Evil Rating: NEUTRAL, may not care Popularity index: 2682 However, her feline form is only one of her many intriguing aspects. Bastet was the ancient Egyptian goddess of protection and cats.She was the warrior daughter and defender of Ra, who sent her to fight his archenemy Apep.As protectress, she was seen as defender of the pharaoh, after Sekhet, the lioness, and consequently of the chief god Ra.. Bast is also known as Bastet, Ubasti, and Pasch.She was worshiped at least since the Second Dynasty in Ancient Egypt. She was honored by worshipers with golden jewelry, as cats were associated with riches and royalty. Ptah and Bastet gave birth to a son, Maahes. October 3, 2013 -A red granite statue of Ramses II was discovered to the east of Goddess Bastet temple in Tell Basta, 85 km from Cairo by the German-Egyptian mission working in the site. She is usually depicted as a cat or cat-headed woman. She was associated with a number of other Egyptian and Greek deities. She is often portrayed as a female cat in a seated position. by PumpkinXWizard | Updated December 6, 2019. A sanctuary dedicated to her son, Maahes, was close by. When Upper and Lower Egypt unified, her importance as a war goddess dwindled a bit, with Sekhmet becoming the more prominent deity of battle and warfare. Bastet Egyptian Cat Goddess Fine Art Print Originally a Warrior Sun Goddess. The sistrum, a percussion instrument, is one of her symbols. She was believed to ward off evil and contagious diseases as well. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Bastet: goddess of Bubastis (meaning “House of Bastet”), located in the Nile delta, was the centre place of worship to Bastet devotees. Bastet is the Egyptian goddess of the home, domesticity, women's secrets, cats, fertility, and childbirth. As the goddess of cats, Bastet was the most vain of all the gods. In Egyptian mythology, Bastet (Bast) is the goddess of protection, cats, pregnancy, fertility, music, warfare and ointments. Bastet is most commonly known as the cat goddess, as she is often depicted with the head of a house cat. Therefore, during stories from the Ptolemaic Dynasty, Bastet is often linked to Greek goddesses and even shares overlapping powers. Start impressing me. Her images can be found the pharaohs’ personal items and in the beds where they were mummified. Bastet’s origins are uncertain, but it is believed by historians that she was already a popular goddess by the third millennium B.C.E. ❖ Believed to be the patron goddess of fire, cats, hearth, and expectant mothers, Bastet began to be worshiped as a protective deity after 1000 BCE. She was also known by several different names including Bastet, Basthet, Boubastis Ubasti and Pasht. ❖ The ancient Egyptians would often name towns in honor of their gods. Her powers were said to rule over the realm of love, joy, motherhood, and celebration; however, she was also believed to be the goddess of warfare and the protector of the pharaohs. ❖ She soon merged into the Greek culture and began to be worshiped as a parallel vision of Artemis, the Greek moon goddess, hunter, and warrior. “The Goddess Bastet and the Cult of Feline Deities in the Nile Delta.” American Research Center in Egypt, www.arce.org/resource/goddess-bastet-and-cult-feline-deities-nile-delta. This trait was what helped princess Racquel to imprison the goddess … Also, differently from other known gods, Bastet fell in love with a mortal and was willing to sacrifice her own immortality if that meant she would be with her lover. She was one of the most honored deities in ancient Egypt. ❖ She was worshiped as a protector goddess in Lower Egypt and was the patron goddess of the pharaoh and their defender. Anyone who lives with a feline knows that cats expect to be worshiped, and there's even a dignified air about them. Earning a feline's respect is difficult. bastet goddess facts 10 November, 2020 Leave a Comment Written by Recent DNA testing indicates that domestic cats of today are descendants of a subspecies of … Here are some facts about Bastet, the Ancient Egyptian Cat Goddess. Goddess Series: Bastet An Egyptian Cat Goddess of protection, Bastet was a fierce and beautiful creature of great love and greater defense. So without further ado, here’s the story of how the ancient Egyptians deified the cat. In the early days she was the fierce lion headed Goddess of the lower Nile who protected the Pharaoh and the sun God Ra. by Youuuuuu | Updated November 30, 2018. Although she initially began as a goddess of the sun based on her father’s powers, her appearance was predominantly feline, and it changed over time from a wild lioness to a domesticated cat. Bells, instruments, flowers. ❖ After the New Kingdom (1550-1069 BCE) came to be, the lioness war goddess Sekhmet became the more dominant deity, while Bastet began to be associated with cats. Just a quick point of fact: Bastet is a misspelling, based on a misunderstanding of how hieroglyphics work. by StormBrewer | Updated April 27, 2018. Meme on 9Gag.com. Bastet was the goddess of protection, pleasure, and the bringer of good health. For more on ancient culture, you can review the lesson we've named Egyptian Goddess Bastet: Facts, Symbols & Family Tree. home Questions? Dec 10, 2016 - Explore Suzan Kathleen's board "Bast Goddess", followed by 112 people on Pinterest. ❖ The city of Bubastis (Tell Basta) or House of Bast was named in honor of this goddess. However, Anubis, the jackal-headed god and protector of the dead and mummification, was also a consort of Bastet. She has dual roles as the gentle goddess of cats and women but is also depicted as the fierce lion-headed goddess. The statue is 195cm height and 160cm width showing Ramses II standing between Hathor and Ptah. Bastet, originally Ubaste or Bast, is the Egyptian cat goddess often depicted in Egyptian TV scenes, movies, and books. The cat goddess was usually represented as a … Bastet’s family included a sister named Hathor, a son named Maahes and possibly a second son named Nefertum. She was also honored through jewelry, especially amulets, made of gold molded into the shape of cats. The Egyptians refused to fight for fear of harming the animals and offending Bastet and so surrendered. The American Research Center in Egypt notes that one of the stone vessels in Saqarra has the inscription b#s.t, and likely refers to the goddess.1 Over time, she became widely known as Bast. As the Greek empire grew in power, and eventually conquered surrounding lands, Egyptian mythology changed to reflect the influence of the Greeks. This role symbolized both her growing power and influence and high fertility levels associated with the domestic cat. Festival activities included drinking copious amounts of wine, which is a divine drink associated with the goddess. In her honor, entire cemeteries of mummified house cats (often buried near their owners) appeared in Bubastis and Memphis during the Ptolemaic periods. He also had three daughters that constituted the eye of Ra. Bastet was so popular that, in 525 BCE, when Cambyses II of Persia invaded Egypt, he made use of the goddess to force the Egyptian's surrender. Later, the goddess acquired a third major duty of protecting people against evil spirits and contagious diseases. 9.6. The Greek historian, Herodotus described this temple in his work in the 5th century BCE, as being built on an island surrounded by a lake Isheru from three sides. However, Mafdet’s reverence and existence is still evident especially to pharaohs. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Images of Bastet began appearing around 3,000 b.c.e., in which she was portrayed as a lioness, or as a woman’s body with a lioness’ head. Brooklyn Museum. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Nefertum was was born from a lotus flower and was associated with sweet and pleasant smelling things, including perfume. She was considered as the goddess of warfare. ❖ Maahes―a lion-headed god of war―and Khonsu―the god of moon and youth―are thought to be the sons of Bastet. Bastet was worshiped in Bubastis in Lower Egypt, originally as a lioness goddess, a role shared by other deities such as Sekhmet. ❖ In this temple, cats were worshiped as reincarnations of the deity. Bastet has connections with the sun and solar system in some stories, too, due to the controlling influence of her father. These are the main symbols of her, but there are others, too. Eventually Bastet and Sekhmet were characterized as two aspects … As a goddess of warfare, Bastet was quite a pacifist, trying to avoid battles when she could. In addition to gender roles, her image is also influenced by politics. When Upper and Lower Egypt unified, her importance as a war goddess dwindled a bit, with Sekhmet becoming the more prominent deity of battle and warfare. Bastet’s essential transformation, which Historia says took place around 3,000 years ago, saw the gentle warrior goddess go from woman with the head of a lioness to full-blown domesticated cat. Bastet: goddess of Bubastis (meaning “House of Bastet”), located in the Nile delta, was the centre place of worship to Bastet devotees. Or she takes the form of an attractive woman with the head of a cat. Bastet was the Cat goddess and as cats were her sacred animal, any harm to cats was considered to be a crime against her and therefore unfortunate and very unlucky. Ancient Egypt Bastet Goddess Ancient Egypt Bast (also known as “Bastet”), one of the daughters of Ra, the Sun god. Maybe without such a concrete form. Bastet, goddess of cats, is one of the most well-known figures of the Egyptian pantheon. Women looked to Bastet as a symbol of fertility, and she was often depicted with a … She is believed to be the personification of the soul of Isis.She is represented either as a woman with the head of a domesticated cat, a lioness (as goddess of sunlight) or as a desert sand-cat. These three daughters were Hathor, Sekhmet and Bastet. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. Atomic Kitten (Guide for S5 Conquest) by DeathclawDisco | Updated September 19, 2018. These depictions are more common in earlier stories and regional mythology. Not only did they protect the crops and slow the spread of disease by killing rodents, they were also thought to be the physical form of the goddess Bastet. Worshiped mostly as a sun deity in Lower Egypt in association with her father. Jungle Bastet Conquest Solo Lane Mid Lane Carry (wip) Support (wip) Arena. Bastet, the protector cat-headed Egyptian deity, was considered among one of the most powerful gods in the land. Bastet, the goddess of cats, was important. Bastet goddess of damage. Though originally Bastet represented a lion, it soon became common to associate Bast with a cat. Choose a Build: Jungle Bastet Conquest. 1 note. Bastet was sometimes known as the goddess of dancing and singing. Others state the additional t was to make Bastet sound more feminine. She worshiped since the Second Dynasty (2890 BC). Bastet (Bast) Cats were very important to the ancient Egyptians and were even considered to be demi-deities. As and when a sacred cat died, it was mummified and presented to Bastet. Bastet o Bast es una diosa del antiguo Egipto, adorada desde la Segunda Dinastía (2890 a. C.). Excavations are ongoing at Tell Basta with researchers periodically announcing new finds to this day. 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