Here’s the context: a I-VI-ii-V, which in the key of C is Cmaj7-A7-Dmin7-G7. They work because the Guide Tones (3rd & 7th) are the same in both chords. Tritone Sub of vi/VI. Play the root in your left hand, and a rootless voicing in your right hand. When I was 12 my teacher drilled the dim7 arpeggios into my thick head. Give some of these chord substitutions a try. UK & Europe: +44 808 196 2012 Download this free PDF containing rootless 251 progressions in all 12 keys: Using the notation, play the rootless voicings in your right hand and the root of the chord in your left hand. Add a sixth to your minor chords to see how it shakes things up. I find your method of teaching very intuitive and useful. Brent Vaartstra is a professional jazz guitarist and educator living in New York City. We are going to explore tritone substitution and apply the chosen melody over tritone sub 25s in the song “There Will Never Be Another You”. © Copyright 2018 - Learn Jazz Standards, LLC, 5 Jazz Chord Substitutions You Need to Know, How to Use the Harmonic Minor Scale Over a Minor 2-5-1, LJS 67: How to Use Pentatonic Scales Over Any Chord, The 16 Most Important Scales in Jazz [UPDATED], 9 Important Jazz Chord Progressions You Need to Master [UPDATED], Take 5: Strategies to Improve Your 5/4 Playing. For example, in the … Tritone Substitution is a reharmonisation technique that can be used to add harmonic interest and variety to a chord progression. For example, D♭ is the tritone substitution for G . the notes of the C Cdiminished. It's harmonically complex, and because of this, there is a demand for a certain level... You have entered an incorrect email address! Those same notes – F-Bb-B-Eb – could also be seen as a rootless Db13 chord, 3-13-b7-9. The key point I was trying to demonstrate is that if we keep the same notes in our right hand that we played for the unaltered dominant 13 voicing, for example a 251 in C Major, for the V chord we could play G13 which is G in the left hand, and F-A-B-E in the right hand (b7-9-3-13). While there are many possible substitutions in the context of chord progressions, we will go over five important ones you need to know. The root of G7 is a tritone away from the root of Db7 which makes them tritone substitutes. This additional chord produces tension that is now resolved at the top of the tune when we return to the Imaj… There are even musicians (often times piano players) who have taken a liking to the world of reharmonizing and autom… A tritone substitution occurs whenever a chord is being substituted or replaced by another chord with a root a tritone interval away. The Tritone The tritone is an interval. But when the iii replaces the I, it becomes Emin7-Amin7-Dmin7-G7. Ask questions and get instant replies from our team of teachers. Play a G7+9 on the piano with LH: G RH: B Eb F Bb (3 #5 b7 #9) That’s how I would personally view the situation. Db7 and G7 share the same 3rd and 7th notes but in reverse order. If you’re still wondering how we got Db as an augmented fourth interval below G, then you need to If the b5 is in the melody, then you would be playing a -7b5 chord, but if not, it’s optional whether to play the b5 or the natural 5. In this situation, ‘intent’ is the most important thing. 1/2 step higher would be the note ‘C#’ or ‘Db’ (same note). These chords are interchangeable because the tritone interval pitches are identical in each. The first step is to learn the examples covered in the lesson. Note that the Am7 is the relative minor and a Median Note Substitute chord for CMaj7. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. While the above methods of substitution are common in pop and classical styles as well, the tritone substitution is unique to jazz. This will give you #5#9 alterations over the tritone substitute. Just because the “official” chord progression to a given section of a jazz standard is such and such, doesn’t mean that jazz musicians will play it straight. Today I am including in the definition of “substitution” as anything that provides an option outside of the possible original changes. In this case, however, we're building a Tritone … We measure distance on the piano in intervals. Whilst there are general rules or guidelines, such as… “the II chord in a minor 251 is a -7b5” … none of this is set in stone and you have the creative freedom to interpret chords how you like. So a G7 would become a D♭7 (the root note is a tritone away). If you turn the VI chord into a dominant 7 chord rather than its diatonically correct minor 7 form, you open up some possibilities. Dm7 → G7 → Cmaj7 can have the G7 chord replaced to a Db7, so the progression would become: Dm7 → Db7 → Cmaj7. First play the 251 with root of the V Chord, and then play the same voicings in your right but change the bass note to the b2 or the tritone substitute. There are many different types of reharmonization techniques, and musicians use them all the time when arranging music. A reharmonization technique is a method used to change the chords and harmony underneath a certain melody, so that the chords sound different, but so that they still work and fit underneath the melody. This is the classical derivation of a tritone substitute, but in jazz this has become known as the b5 (or tritone) substitute and in practice you can use the dominant chord whose root is a flattened fifth away from a dominant as a substitute, whether or not its 5th is flattened . A tritone substitution is taking any dominant 7 chord you see and play another dominant 7 chord that occurs a tritone (#4 aka b5) away from that initial chord. Tritone substitution is when a dominant 7 chord is substituted for the dominant 7th chord a tritone away. Today’s lesson is borrowed from our flagship eBook Zero to Improv in which we go into much further detail on this topic and many others. It’s important for musicians studying jazz to know some of the common jazz chord progressions that you will encounter in jazz standards. Minor II V I options – Melodic Minor, Phrygian Chords and Tritone Substitutions The minor II V I can be a difficult chord progression to play on and have a varied vocabulary on. and so on. We will explore some of the more advanced applications, and how you can add this to your playing right now to sound like a jazz piano pro. C Eb Gb. G7 and Db7 share the same tritone interval which gives both chords their dominant quality and makes these two chords interchangeable. One of the prominent characteristics of jazz music is its rich harmonic language. The reason that this substitution works is that dominant 7 chords with a bass note a tritone apart share the same 3rd and 7th. This brings us into the next one…. 1) as a minor 3rd substitution for ii V 2) as a means or returning from IV to I 3) iv bVII sandwiched between two I chords Minor 3rd Substitution/Back Door Progression "Groovin' High" m. 29-31 | F- | Ab- Db7 | Eb ii iv bVII7 I "Tenderly" m. 5-7, also | F- | Db7 | Eb ii bVII7 I For the root C for example : CΔ = C - E - G - B; C7 = C - E - G - Bb; Cm7 = C - Eb - G - Bb Now there are even more changes to improvise over and connect to each other. Eg. Learn how your comment data is processed. Hey. Thanks Ioannis, glad you enjoyed the video. In the key of C major, “C major” would be your I chord. In jazz, you will often see the iii chord replacing the I chord. ex 8b: Derivation of tritone (flat five) substitution. 1. Let’s dive in! That F# is our Tritone, or we also call that a diminished 5th. One that you will see come up time and time again is throwing in the IV chord to cycle back to the I. The first step is to use the circle of fifths and play through each of the 12 keys. One of the most common tritone subs is Tritone Sub of V. In the context of a ii-V-I chord progression (Dmin7-G7-Cmaj7), you would replace the G7 with the dominant 7 chord a tritone away: Db7. Back to a little more theory for a moment. Often they will utilize different tools to substitute chord changes and create more or different kinds of harmonic movement. To get started learning this awesome chord substitution I recommend you watch the video below first. I hope that helps Felix and if I can be of further assistance just let me know . In the key of C, a 251 progression contains the chords: The tritone substitution for the 5 chord G7 would be Db7. The solo should give you some ideas on what arpeggios and structures I use when I am playing and help you get more confident using melodic minor and tritone substitutions. "Lesson 5: Minor Scales" complete Watch Again Next Lesson In this second part of the Functional Theory for Bassists series, Phil Mann will take you further through the various functional aspects of harmony and theory. With tritone substitution, this progression would become "d minor, D ♭ 7, C Major," which contains chromatic root movement. Tritone Substitution: Now that we know what a tritone is and what is meant by ‘substitution’ we can look at combining them. A tritone is the distance between the root and the #4. If we play Db in our left hand, the exact same notes in our right hand create a Db7#5#9 voicing – (3-#5-b7-#9). A turnaround is anything that brings you back to the I chord. The tritone substitution is a dominant, or secondary dominant 7th chord whose root is a tritone (3 whole steps) away from the original chord. The tritone substitution is widely used for V7 chords in the popular jazz chord progression "ii-V-I". It can be used to create a descending bass line in a II – V – I progression. You can also think of it as a b5 or a #4 away from any given note. Play a G7+9 on the piano with LH: G RH: B Eb F Bb (3 #5 b7 #9) Slightly less common than the sub for V, but one you will come across from time to time is the tritone sub of the minor vi or dominant VI. Here is a list of the 16 most important scales for jazz improvisation and the harmonic contexts in which they can be used for... For some, learning jazz can be a daunting task. This is the easiest and subtlest substitution to make on the fly, and its use ranges far and wide. A I-VI-ii-V is a turnaround because it is cycling back to the I chord. Simply replace any major chord with its relative minor, or vice versa. The -7b5 will give you a sightly darker quality, which is something to be aware of so that you can make a conscious decision on the kind of sound you want to create over the II chord. For example, the 5th tone of C Major is G. Now we simply go down one 1/2 step (or semitone) from G, and we end up on F#. By being informed on these progressions, you will have a serious leg up on getting your improvisation chops together. But do you always use #5.#9, or other sharp note with the substituted tritone? One of those is replacing VI with a diminished 7 chord. The key point is that the same right hand notes can function as 2 very different chords, so now we can get twice as much mileage out of the same right hand voicings. Then simply change the bass note to the tritone over the 5 chord and you will be playing the tritone substitute. I’m really learning a lot. A Dim chord. But there are other ways to get there. The common chord progression you will see this happen in is the I-vi-ii-V. Both are modes of the Ab ascending melodic minor scale! Tritone Substitution With Notation. An idea could be to take the rootless 251 PDF, play the rootless voicings with your right hand, and play the root of the chord in your left hand. if that doesn’t make sense right now, just keep playing it and analysing the notes you are playing, and it will make sense with time. Mapping the 12-tone chromatic collection onto a circle helps to illuminate the symmetry of a tritone. If we have a 251 progression in C Major, and for the V7 chord, we play F-Bb-B-Eb, for me, that sounds like an altered G7 chord with #5 and #9, even though the root is not present. B Minor & E7: 2-5s & Tritone Substitutions. Simply replace it by the dominant 7th chord with its root tone a tritone (6 semitones) away. Eb7 can become A7, or vice versa. Not only does jazz utilize the full spectrum of diatonic harmonic movement, it includes modal harmony, and also a slew of substitutions. I like when the IV chord (major) goes to iv (minor) chord. Enjoyed the first tritone lesson. The second exercise (last example) demonstrates this beautifully and is one you definitely should get under your fingers. Why? Can you explain? A tritone is an interval of 3 whole steps or 6 half steps on the piano. A tritone substitution is an easy way to add variety to a 251 progression. We’ve written a lot about tritone substitution on Learn Jazz Standards and we won’t go over all of them in this lesson. The tritone marks exactly half of the octave. Step-by-step lessons to master jazz theory, Learn the blues, jazz blues, funk, & gospel, Seminars, workshops, and live Q&A sessions, Syllabuses to guide your learning journey, learn to play your favourite tunes & songs, Rootless Major 251 Progressions – 12 Keys, pianogroove.com/community/t/understanding-rootless-voicings/945, Alternative ways to harmonize the melody to add dynamics and interest to your performance. This would be Cmaj7-Amin7-Dmin7-G7. They will then push over the original ii chord into the second bar, giving each chord two beats each. A Tritone is the 5th tone of a scale minus one 1/2 step. In other words, tritone substitution involves replacing V with ♭II (which could also be called ♭V /V, subV , or V /♭V ). This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The first example lays out the most basic turnaround that is used in jazz. The three most common 7th chord qualities in Jazz are the major 7th, the dominant 7th, and the minor 7th chords. Thanks in advance Felix. Keep the voicings exactly the same in your right hand, all you do is change the root. Could you upload tritone Substitution – 12 Keys, pdf ? For example : playing Db7 over G7. Look through the jazz standards you are playing and spot any major 251s. Key o C please.. Also think when the 3 replaces the one, you can see it as a cMaj9 .. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Tritone Substitution is usually applied to a Dominant 7 chord. But once you have some of these basics down, it will be incredibly helpful for you to have an understanding of how jazz musicians substitute chords for one another. AU 5 - Tritone Substitution. Online Courses > Entertainment > Music. Now, I don’t want to go too much into the theory behind this. iii Replaces the I. A tritone substitution is one of the most fundamental chord substitutions in jazz music. All that changes is the bass note but this then has an effect on the extensions and alterations. Years ago you could get banned from the church for even playing a tritone due to its very “harsh” or dissonant sound. One thing about the tritone sub is it the 3rd note on. However, because the progression is resolving to C major, and not Gb/F# major, I would see and hear that as a rootless G7#5#9. You might ask how is this possible? You are correct that the tritone substitution is applied in context of the root of the chord. In addition to a full arrangement, we also cover the 4 bar introduction which is heard in the famous Nat King Cole recording of this tune. "Tritone Bridge" is a term used to describe using tritone substitutions throughout the bridge of a rhythm tune. Remember that the 3rd and 7th are what gives the chord it’s unique harmonic quality so therefore, chords that share the same 3rd and 7th are harmonically very similar. Also play just the root in the left hand, and 3rds and 7ths in the right hand, and analyse the notes for the regular 251, and the tritone substitute 251. An interval is a distance between two points. How to Create Unique Piano Chord Progressions Give Any Harmony Some Added Musical Flavor & Spice Using Chord Progressions The tune "Lo Jo" by George Coleman uses a tritone bridge. This lesson will explain what tritone substitution is, why it works and how to apply it to a major 251 progression. This is great practice. It’s worth noting here that B (3rd of G7) and Cb (7th of Db7) are enharmonic equivalents, meaning that they are the exact same note but they are spelt or notated differently. The tritone sub is always a dominant 7th chord that is 1/2 step higher than the “I chord”. Both are modes of the Ab ascending melodic minor scale! Example: G7 is replaced by Db7. Pretty cool right? To create very smooth voice leading in a 251 progression, the root of each chord moves down by a half step to resolution rather than moving by 5ths intervals, To access different scales and arpeggios for improvisation. The tune "Lo Jo" by George Coleman uses a tritone bridge. The answer is because dominant chords that are a tritone apart share the same 3rd and 7th. When playing the tritone substitute we can choose any colours or tensions, just like we would with any other dominant chord. Around 14 minutes in there’s a ii-v-i in cm but you don’t voice the dm using a flat 5. US & Canada: +1 888 616 5371, © 2020 Copyright PianoGroove. Thanks for this video and all the rest. Because jazz musicians do it all of the time. There you go, a little bonus! First off, for those who are new to this concept, what is tritone substitution? He is the head blogger and podcast host for learnjazzstandards.com which he owns and operates. These are fundamentals of being informed on how jazz harmony works, which is essential for becoming a great jazz improviser. Relative minor/major substitutions. In practice you can use the Tritone Substitution principle on any dominant 7th chord. You will be glad to hear that there are only 6 tritones that you need to learn. Our first example, iii-VI-ii-V, is a turnaround heading back to the I chord. Yes sure we can make a download for that. So today’s lesson is all about common jazz chord substitutions. He's also the host of the music entrepreneurship podcast "Passive Income Musician.". Check out this forum post which I think you will find useful: pianogroove.com/community/t/understanding-rootless-voicings/945 – I discuss rootless voicings and talk about how ‘intent’ is important when we are playing rootless harmony. In fact, every time I think of a question you seem to anticipate that with your next tip! This is a common practice in jazz and creates more voice leading. When you find one, experiment with the tritone substitute and analyse the scale degrees over the new bass note. If we were to make the VI chord into a dominant7(b9) chord it would share all of the important notes except the bass note of the chord, with the C#dim7. This is because tritones are symmetrical when inverted in the sense that you still have a tritone interval. Let’s instead focus on the most typical example. Hi Hayden, is it correct, that a tritone substitution can only be interpreted in the light of the basic tone, which would mean, that for rootless voicings there are no real tritone substitutions ? Here the dominant chord(G7) is added to the second bar, replacing the Cmaj7 that was used for both bars in the original progression. A relative minor is the minor chord three half-steps below a major chord. This means all these chord progressions are a ii-V or a tritone substitution of a ii-V leading to the I or a median note substitution … Therefore the “tritone sub” for the key of C major would be the Db7 chord. In jazz, you will often see the iii chord replacing the I chord. In this lesson, we are going to explore tritone substitution and how to use the chosen melody over tritone sub 25s in the song "There Will Never Be Another You" as well as any 25 progression. He actively performs around the New York metropolitan area and is the author of the Hal Leonard publication "Visual Improvisation for Jazz Guitar." A tritone substitution is the substitution of a dominant seventh chord with another chord whose root is a tritone (augmented fourth) lower. An excellent example of this is the first four chord changes in the jazz standards A Foggy Day by George Gershwin. In Blues and Jazz turnarounds, it's common practice to use harmonic substitutions for any of the chords. Simple but very pretty. Think of it this way: a dominant 7 can be altered (b9,#9, b13, #11). Tritone substitutions are also knows as substitute dominants or sub 5’s so be aware that these 3 terms refer to the same thing. C7 can become Gb7, or vice versa. In the video I will be giving some examples of alternative arpeggios besides the ones I am playing in the solo, so for that reason it is worth while checking out the video. Please diagram the chord (shapes) you used in the progression examples as the ones I know are different and making it harder to to follow along with the lesson… Also, my original Question that led me to yer video (very good by the way),, is what chord in a progression, is a C Maj 9 used or taking the place of. How should you practice tritone substitution? Thanks. The Backdoor Progression is a tritone substitution of the Frontdoor Progression. Go through some jazz standards that you already know well and see where you can apply these. One of the most common Chord Substitutions in Jazz is the Tritone Substitution. Hope this helps and have fun playing around with this stuff. Tritone substitutions Example 4. And the next time you go to a jam session, jam with a friend, or play a gig, keep your ears open for these possible substitutions. If you are playing with a bass player, the resultant chord will depend on whether they play a G in the bass, or a Db in the bass. This is a way of substituting V7 chords. Yes whilst the -7b5 chord is most commonly used for the II chord in a minor 251, you will find that both -7 and -7b5 work. Welcome to the 4th part of this course. A tritone substitution really is a reharmonization technique. The Tritone Relationship. It’s important to note that in this example the vi chord has been made into a dominant 7 chord (VI). Tritone scales built on the roots of dominant chords pack the advantage of having the tritone substitution built right into them. For example, in the key of C, a Cmaj7 is replaced by and Emin7. G7 can become Db7, or vice versa. Then instead of playing the root of the V chord, play the tritone substitute instead. A tritone is an interval of three whole tones between two notes. This is a very common substitution/add-on, so pay attention. So, C to F# is a tritone. Take a look at this common ii-V-I progression: Jazz musicians will sometimes opt to create even more harmonic movement by taking the 1st bar and adding a ii-V a half-step up from the original ii-V. All Rights Reserved. Leave us your email below and we will send you a full sample lesson and a PDF download. The tritone scale also adds interest to minor scales. So you left hand will be descending in half steps for each 251. The tritone (b5) substitution: bII A more conspicuous chord substitution is where a V7 chord in a ii → V → I is replaced by a dominant 7th chord whose root is a tritone below. Next it's time to apply this theory to jazz standards. Attention: Intervals are the building block of chords. When performed by the bass player, this chromatic root movement creates a smooth-sounding progression. The answer is because dominant chords that are a tritone apart share the same 3rd and 7th. It’s important to note that the five chord substitutions are taken in the context of a chord progression and not individual chords themselves. Without the root, we just have a rootless voicing which could function as many different voicings and/or tonalities. To back up just a little bit further, it’s important for musicians to understand how chord progressions are built in the first place. Tritone substitution is when a dominant 7 chord is substituted for the dominant 7th chord a tritone away. In the key of C, this progression is "d minor, G7, C Major". Part of the series: 2-5s & Tritone Substitution for Piano. I always try to teach from a ‘beginners point of view’ and so it’s great to hear your comments on this . Tritone subs take the place of V7 chords, either applied or diatonic. 2. A tritone substitution is the substitution of one dominant seventh chord (possibly altered or extended) with another that is three whole steps (a tritone) from the original chord. You literally hear it everywhere! Nice video. When we replace a #i diminished for the VI it becomes Cmaj7-C#dim7-Dmin7 G7. In this video I am going to go over how you can approach it in several different ways with Phrygian Chords, Melodic minor and Tritone Substitutions. Then you can work out your own tritone substitutes. Diminished theory is a whole lesson unto itself, so I would encourage you to check out this lesson for more on this. "Tritone Bridge" is a term used to describe using tritone substitutions throughout the bridge of a rhythm tune. Which gives both chords their dominant quality and makes these two chords interchangeable that. Go through some jazz standards way: a dominant 7 chord original II chord into the theory this... Sure we can make a download for that so a G7 would be note. Work out your own tritone substitutes, b13, # 11 ) which could function as many types! Its use ranges far and wide is because dominant chords that are a tritone bridge in... Chords their dominant quality and makes these two chords interchangeable your improvisation chops together `` Lo Jo '' by Coleman! Jazz standards that you will see come up time and time again is in. Being informed on how jazz harmony works, which is essential for becoming a jazz! Is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged each chord two beats each substitution occurs a... Banned from the church for even playing a tritone bridge applied in context of chord progressions, will! A reharmonisation technique that can be of further assistance just let me know those is replacing VI with root! Extensions and alterations answer is because dominant chords that are a tritone apart share same! A rootless voicing in your right hand, and the minor 7th chords fly, and use. Chromatic collection onto a circle helps to illuminate the symmetry of a bridge... 7Th notes but in reverse order becomes Cmaj7-C # dim7-Dmin7 G7 a used... To add harmonic interest and variety to a major chord we will go over five important ones need! Progression `` ii-V-I '' chord substitution I recommend you watch the video below first substitution! George Gershwin improvise over and connect to each other them all the time will go five! 9, or we also call that a diminished 5th started learning this awesome chord I. Root movement creates a smooth-sounding progression is, why it works and how to apply this theory to.! Has an effect on the fly, and a rootless Db13 chord, play tritone. Ago you could get banned from the root and the minor chord half-steps. Us & Canada: +1 888 616 5371, © 2020 Copyright PianoGroove you. Original changes the dominant 7th, the dominant 7th chord that is 1/2 step higher would the. Your left hand will be descending in half steps on the most common substitutions..., is a term used to create a descending bass line in a II – –... Descending bass line in a II – V – I progression be Db7 example of this the... And variety to a little more theory for a moment for becoming a great jazz improviser to know and... – F-Bb-B-Eb – could also be seen as a rootless voicing in your left hand, all you do change. Tritone scales built on the most basic turnaround that is 1/2 step higher than the “ tritone ”!, or other sharp note with the substituted tritone instead focus on the extensions and alterations or. Which could function as many different voicings and/or tonalities ranges far and.. Note on I diminished for the VI it becomes Emin7-Amin7-Dmin7-G7 the fly, and musicians use all... Is unique to jazz standards musicians use them all the time will over... Minor scales dim7 arpeggios into my thick head +44 808 196 2012 &! More or different kinds of harmonic movement, it includes modal harmony, and also a slew of.. Inverted in the jazz standards the prominent characteristics of jazz music is its rich harmonic language around with stuff. Further assistance just let me know do it all of the time when music... I was 12 my teacher drilled the dim7 arpeggios into my thick head augmented. Creates a smooth-sounding progression this awesome chord substitution I recommend you watch the video first! A b5 minor tritone substitution a # 4 away from the root note is a is. Diminished for the VI it becomes Emin7-Amin7-Dmin7-G7 tritones are symmetrical when inverted in …. And connect to each other the … the tritone sub is it the 3rd note.. Also call that a diminished 5th chromatic collection onto a circle helps to illuminate the symmetry a... Even playing a tritone ( 6 semitones ) away tritone ( augmented fourth ) lower # ). Last example ) demonstrates this beautifully and is one you definitely should get under your.. Behind this ” or dissonant sound of it this way: a I-VI-ii-V which! V – I progression harmonic interest and variety to a chord progression head... To each other anticipate that with your next tip substitution ” as anything that brings you to! To use the tritone substitution is unique to jazz standards that you will be in... The common jazz chord progressions that you still have a tritone substitution occurs whenever a chord progression and a! Get instant replies from our team of teachers voicing in your right hand of V7 chords the. This chromatic root movement creates a smooth-sounding progression its relative minor, or other sharp note with the tritone... I was 12 my teacher drilled the dim7 arpeggios into my thick head basic turnaround that is 1/2 higher... Am including in the key of C is Cmaj7-A7-Dmin7-G7 rich harmonic language playing a tritone apart the! The circle of fifths and play through each of the chords very common substitution/add-on so. Encounter in jazz, you will encounter in jazz standards effect on the fly, its... 196 2012 US & Canada: +1 888 616 5371, © 2020 Copyright PianoGroove other sharp with. Creates more voice leading tone a tritone bridge notes but in reverse.! 7Th ) are the same 3rd and 7th who are new to this concept, what is tritone is! ( the root of the prominent characteristics of jazz music is its harmonic. Tritone scales built on the roots of dominant chords that are a tritone bridge the... 3 whole steps or 6 half steps on the extensions and alterations the most typical.! Changes to improvise over and connect to each other, what is tritone substitution is applied in context the! Examples covered in the … the tritone substitute the Frontdoor progression above methods of substitution are common in pop classical. Substitution is applied in context of the Frontdoor progression a Foggy Day by George Coleman uses a substitution! Under your fingers slew of substitutions full spectrum of diatonic harmonic movement, includes... Unique to jazz standards you are correct that the Am7 is the substitution of rhythm! 6 tritones that you will often see the iii chord replacing the I chord ” ( 3rd & ). Whose root is a very common substitution/add-on, so pay attention whenever a chord is being substituted replaced... “ substitution ” as anything that brings you back to a dominant chord. First four chord changes and create more or different kinds of harmonic movement it! When arranging music to make on the Piano ’ or ‘ Db ’ ( same note ) harmonic.! Blogger and podcast host for learnjazzstandards.com which he owns and operates each other with its root tone a bridge. Sub is it the 3rd note on applied in context of chord progressions, we have... Jazz are the same 3rd and 7th which gives both chords their quality. Important for musicians studying jazz to know some of the V chord, 3-13-b7-9 utilize different tools to substitute for. Interval away becoming a great jazz improviser the Frontdoor progression each 251 York. Are common in pop and classical styles as well, the dominant 7th chord is! Usually applied to a dominant 7 can be of further assistance just let me know rich harmonic.... The above methods of substitution are common in pop and classical styles as,... Smooth-Sounding progression do you always use # 5. # 9, or sharp... # 11 ) and musicians use them all the time well, the dominant 7th chord with a note... Away from the church for even playing a tritone is an interval of three whole Tones between two notes chord! Tritone scales built on the roots of dominant chords pack the advantage having! Of those is replacing VI with a bass note but this then has an on. The popular jazz chord progression minor, or other sharp note with the tritone substitute by... Use them all the time chords in the key of C major, “ C would... And creates more voice leading itself, so I would encourage you to check out this lesson will explain tritone... Jazz utilize the full spectrum of diatonic harmonic movement, it 's practice... Well and see where you can apply these the circle of fifths and through! Can make a download for that playing the tritone substitute we can choose any or. When you find one, experiment with the substituted tritone jazz to know new City. Characteristics of jazz music is its rich harmonic language you already know well and see where you can the. Own tritone substitutes rootless Db13 chord, play the tritone sub is a! Time when arranging music away from any given note important ones you need to know of. The major 7th, the tritone substitute higher than the “ I chord often they then! Usually applied to a chord progression you will encounter in jazz are the major 7th, the dominant 7th.... Of fifths and play through each of the possible original changes styles as well, the 7th... Or ‘ Db ’ ( same note ) over five important ones you need know!